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由于当地和全球因素,世界许多地区对水资源的压力越来越大.  水质和水量是全球环境关注的问题,这对行业来说既是风险也是机遇.  Water is used throughout the project life-cycle of oil and gas activities and is core to business continuity.  Through a combination of practical tools, good practices and a forum for sharing industry knowledge, 易胜博娱乐使油气行业能够主动识别潜在的水风险,并管理水问题.  

Water management principles

易胜博娱乐概述了油气作业整个生命周期中与水管理相关的一些关键指导原则. These principles are embedded in the good practices guidance documents that are developed.

  • Water stewardship
  • Integrated Water Resource Management
  • Stakeholder engagement
  • Risk assessment
  • Continuous improvement
  • Water stewardship

    水管理是水管理良好做法的关键原则之一. It conveys the idea of going beyond simply managing risks and impacts from water use. Water Stewardship is the use of water that is socially equitable, environmentally sustainable and economically beneficial, achieved through a stakeholder-inclusive process (Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS), 2014).  Four aspects (derived from AWS, 2014) capture the intent of water stewardship:

    • Water governance;
    • Sustainable water balance;
    • Water quality; and
    • Important water-related areas.
  • Integrated Water Resource Management

    Through a combination of practical tools, good practices and a forum for sharing industry knowledge, 易胜博娱乐帮助油气行业积极主动地识别潜在的水风险,并集体管理水问题.

    易胜博娱乐 's activities to promote responsible water stewardship include:

    • working to increase awareness of global and local water risk;
    • developing good practice for water management along the project life cycle;
    • promoting greater consistency in water reporting; and
    • 提供一个平台来交流油气行业的成就、目标和进步.
  • Stakeholder engagement

    In all except the most remote locations, human activity will already be using, and dependent on, local water resources to some extent.   对这些利益相关方以及与水相关的文化价值观的认可, and involving them in the development process can be crucial to project success.  Inclusivity is a key principle underlying stakeholder engagement.  Where appropriate, 应尽早确定可能受项目影响的涉众,并与之合作.

  • Risk assessment

    There will always be risks associated with water use on a project, be they financial, environmental or social.  应在项目的早期阶段确定这些项目,并在不断进行评估的基础上,铭记着随着项目的发展而发展, so its associated risks may change. 

  • Continuous improvement

    水的管理应该包括在石油和天然气作业的整个生命周期内不断循环的改进过程.  Typically, 在每个规划和设计阶段都提供了更详细的细节,直到完成水源的选择.

Water risk assessment

在油气活动的整个生命周期中,识别和评估水风险是公司水战略的重要组成部分, particularly as projects can last decades. 易胜博娱乐 has developed two tools to aid in this process.

    Global Water Tool (GWT)

As more advanced GIS-based tools become available, WBCSD has announced the decommissioning of the Global Water Tool, resulting in the retiring of the 易胜博娱乐 Global Water Tool for Oil and Gas as well. 因此,该工具已从本网站删除,并将不再为其应用提供进一步的支持. We are pleased to continue supporting the GEMI Local Water Tool for Oil and Gas.

Local Water Tool (LWT)

The GEMI LWT™ for Oil and Gas helps to evaluate the high risk locations and identify actions to manage the risks. GEMI工具中提供了一个选项,允许用户从WBCSD或易胜博娱乐工具传输特定的站点数据. 易胜博娱乐全球水工具和GEMI LWT可以一起使用,通过识别高风险地点并对其进行优先排序,使企业能够绘制其用水情况,评估其全球整体投资组合的风险,并帮助识别外部影响, business risks, and opportunities related to water use and discharge at specific sites or operations.

E-learning training course

易胜博娱乐 's e-learning course (French) (Spanish)通过这些工具指导油气专业人士——它们如何工作,以及如何将它们应用到业务中.

Once water risks have been identified they need to be managed.  Throughout the life-cycle of oil and gas activities water is used and produced, 易胜博娱乐认识到有效管理水资源、维持业务连续性和经营许可证的重要性. 

易胜博娱乐制定了一套良好实践指导文件,以促进在油气活动的整个生命周期内负责任和有效的水管理,并继续在这套指导原则的基础上发展. This includes guidance on water sourcing as well as water efficiency and use.

Good practice for water management

Once water risks have been identified they need to be managed.  Throughout the lifecycle of oil and gas activities water is used and produced. 易胜博娱乐认识到有效管理水资源、保持业务连续性以及保持经营许可证的重要性. 易胜博娱乐制定了一套良好实践指导文件,以促进油气活动整个生命周期负责任和有效的水管理,并继续在这套良好实践的基础上发展. 

Water sourcing: The 易胜博娱乐 Guide to identifying and assessing water sources 介绍了陆上工业在当地或区域水资源管理的大背景下选择最符合项目需要的水源的系统过程. 该指南适用于新项目和现有操作,并使用案例研究来提供概述的过程阶段的实际示例.

Water use and efficiencies: 易胜博娱乐's Efficiency in water use: guidance document for the upstream onshore oil and gas industry 为陆上油气行业提供了一个系统的过程,通过结合水管理原则,识别和评估潜在的措施,以提高水的效率, integrating water resource management and risk assessment throughout the life of an operation. 该指南适用于新的和现有的操作,并使用案例研究来提供实际的示例.

Produced water management: 油气行业需要处理大量的采出水,这些水在油气提取和加工的不同阶段被分离. Produced water typically contains high quantities of salt, in addition to other minerals, metals and organic compounds (in both aqueous and non-aqueous phases). 在许多情况下,采出水都可以重复使用,这对该行业来说是一个机遇. If this is not possible, 它通常需要处理,以符合环境要求,然后处置或排放到环境中. 易胜博娱乐 has developed a new fact sheet 评价陆上油气行业回用采出水的机遇和挑战. 

Waste water management: Oil and gas water treatment systems produce by-products that include large volumes of brine, salt, hydrocarbon and wastewater sludges and other concentrated contaminants in waste streams, both in liquid and solid waste forms. These need to be responsibly managed, handled and treated. In 2021 易胜博娱乐 published the Water management frameworka risk-based, continuous improvement process to water management, which can be applied across any local hydrological, environmental, social-economic and regulatory setting. 它促进了水资源管理的综合方法,也可以作为与外部利益攸关方就行业如何管理和保护水资源进行沟通的工具. 该框架采用了跨价值链的整体视角,并促进了一种协作方法,以确定和理解对生态系统服务和其他用户需求的潜在影响.

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