Conserving the energy and greenhouse gases (GHGs) used to produce oil and gas can make a major contribution to moving the world onto a more sustainable energy path.
Often, the most economical method of reducing GHG emissions is to reduce energy consumed. This is because the easiest emissions to control are the ones never produced. 因为这个原因, 易胜博娱乐 works with the industry to help reduce emissions with sharing of good practices, tools and through providing opportunities for sharing knowledge.
易胜博娱乐 develops industry best practice and the promotion of technological and management solutions to reduce GHGs (for oil and gas this is mainly CO2 and methane) across the production, 石油和天然气的提炼和运输. 排放我们的运作, management largely means energy conservation or efficiency measures, reducing gas flaring and managing the emissions of methane.
The extraction and transformation of hydrocarbons is a significant energy consumer. 减少能源损失, 因此能源成本, 在炼油, 处理, 输电和配电 提供了 提高效率的财政激励 公司, 降低消费者成本. The industry is investing heavily in new technologies and research, 包括工厂的节能设计, 先进的计算机控制, 先进的油藏建模方法有待提高 生产效率, 新的提取和加工方法, improved technologies for monitoring the efficiency of equipment in the field.
Oil production and refining operations generally use flaring (the burning of released gases) to prevent unplanned emissions into the atmosphere, to protect equipment from dangerous levels of pressure. Venting (the releasing of gas into the atmosphere) is a less common practice - flaring is safer and achieves lower levels of GHG emissions.
易胜博娱乐支持 World Bank’s Global Gas 扩口 Reduction partnership’s (GGFR) “到2030年实现零常规燃除”的倡议, 将各国政府聚集在一起, oil companies and development institutions who recognize the flaring situation is unsustainable from a resource management and environmental perspective, who agree to cooperate to eliminate routine flaring no later than 2030.
The industry has made continuous reductions to the amount of natural gas that is flared. 通过一系列的财团, 例如GGFR, industry is reducing the amount of ‘associated’ gas that is flared. These improvements have been enabled by implementing local infrastructure and creating and opening markets for the associated gas. 易胜博娱乐 members are also working with GGFR and local governments to build mechanisms to promote infrastructure development, 规定, availability of finance and other factors critical to large-scale energy conservation.
减少甲烷排放的重要需求, 一种短暂但强有力的温室气体, 在2021年格拉斯哥举行的COP26会议上强调的问题, when over 100 countries signed the Global 甲烷 Pledge, aiming to reduce methane emissions by 30% in 2030.
易胜博娱乐's work on methane has included several workshops and reports, 词汇表, 情况说明书和网络研讨会系列, enabling greater alignment of our industry on how to manage methane from operations.
During the first half of 2021, 易胜博娱乐 in collaboration with SPE, OGCI and IOGP held 四个系列的网络研讨会 to explore oil and gas organizations’ efforts to reduce methane emissions, covering: detection and quantification methods; technology and investment; policy and industry action; and satellite data on methane emissions.
In March 2021, 易胜博娱乐, IOGP, GIE and MARCOGAZ, published a joint 甲烷排放术语表 覆盖整个天然气价值链. Expected to be an invaluable reference tool for understanding the terminology of 规定 and legislative processes, 联合词汇表建立在易胜博娱乐 2018年的基础上 甲烷术语表 to support the industry and other stakeholders in the use of consistent terminology, to improve confidence in understanding and managing methane emission sources to further improve performance in reducing methane emissions.
The industry also supports our consumers as they manage their energy usage and GHG emissions, 例如通过:
- working with motor vehicle manufacturers to create products that help increase engine performance
- supporting partnerships such as the Global Fuel Economy Initiative
- producing new advanced lubricants that reduce engine friction and increase fuel economy
- supporting consumer education to achieve more efficient energy use
- exploring and developing new natural gas resources and technologies
- investing in low-carbon and alternative fuels and technologies, including carbon capture and storage
易胜博娱乐's work on societal solutions including carbon capture and storage is discussed under A pathway to a low-emissions future.