There are events in our lives where we ‘remember where we were when…’. Sadly these are more often than not tragedies. Anniversaries of these events trigger reminders and our thoughts return to where we were and what we felt at the time. 2020年4月20 marks the 10th anniversary of the Deepwater Horizon accident, which claimed 11 lives and led to the largest marine oil spill in history. I remember watching the breaking news on the TV with shock at the loss of life and being awestruck by the scale of the spill and the challenge facing my former colleagues in BP to respond to it. I know there are many people in the oil and gas industry, 包括我自己, for whom the 20 April 2010 is a date they will never forget.
First and foremost, this was a human tragedy. 11人在工作中丧生, somewhere they should have been safe and the impacts on the families and friends will endure. Being married to the daughter of someone killed in an industrial accident when she was a young teenager, I see the sadness and inevitable 改变 in course in her and her family’s lives that followed. This is one important reason why we remember those events and should continue to do everything we can to ensure this doesn’t happen again.
The amount of oil released into the Gulf of Mexico was 3.19 million barrels and at its peak required the mobilisation of a huge range of resources including 48,000人, 6,500艘船和大约2艘,500 miles of boom to contain the oil. The response carried on for almost 5 years and was a huge effort involving collaboration across different sectors of society and within the industry on a scale never seen before. 也就是说, the environmental impact was significant, and the societal disruption associated with it contributed to the enormous cost of the accident. BP spent $14 billion on response and clean up activities, along with another $7 billion to cover natural resource damage restoration in five affected states.
Even while the response was ongoing, the industry came together to review the learnings from the accident. The International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (IOGP) formed the Global Industry Response Group involving 20 oil and gas companies to review the accident and identify the learnings from it. They focused on three areas: prevention, 干预和响应, and generated a series of recommendations for each of them. The industry has worked on implementation of all the recommendations.
The work on the response side was completed by the 易胜博娱乐-IOGP Oil Spill Response Joint Industry Project. 这五年的项目, managed by 易胜博娱乐 started with 易胜博娱乐’s established good practice guidance, previously focussed more on shipping related spills and overhauled it radically to accommodate the learnings from Deepwater Horizon and other upstream incidents. The outcome was 24 good practice guidance documents covering a broad range of practices from incident management, dispersants and responder health and safety. This library of practice provides the global framework for marine oil spill response that through its formation based on collaboration, enables a collaborative approach to spill incidents wherever they occur.
The industry continues to work together through 易胜博娱乐 and other groups on efforts to prevent spills happening in the first place, but also to maintain high levels of 准备 to address the risk of future spills.
Our Oil Spill Group focuses on maintaining and updating our technical guidance, raising awareness and uptake of the guidance across the industry and the response community, and also our partnership with the United Nations Agency for Shipping, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the IMO-易胜博娱乐 Global Initiative for Oil Spill Preparedness and Response. This partnership brings together state actors and the oil industry to work together at national and regional level to improve collaboration and 准备 for spills around the world. 我们在西方有具体的项目, 中非和南部非洲, 黑海和里海, 东南亚, 中国和加勒比地区. All of them rely on state authorities and local industry working together to ensure the highest levels of 准备 are in place and maintained.
This level of activity is high because although there has been substantial progress in prevention of tragedies like Deepwater Horizon, 不管概率有多低, 风险仍. We should never forget Deepwater Horizon and the human and environmental repercussions that followed. We should remain vigilant and continue to improve our prevention and 准备 in the hope that we never need to use it again.
Together we are doing everything we can to make sure our industry has no more events that trigger us to ‘remember where you were when…’.